Pencil & Ink Drawings

Drawings hand-executed by 19th Century avant-gardists.
(Early-edition prints are listed under "Lithographs & Etchings," mass-produced photographic reproductions of artwork are listed under "Ephemera".)

 
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Achille Devéria, Saint Louis IX. (c. 1829?) Ink Study on paper.



Achille Devéria played a profound role in the formation of the ultra-Romanticist avant-garde both in his capacity as educator (the teacher of Louis Boulanger, Théophile Gautier, Petrus Borel, Auguste Glaize, and others, as well as his own brother Eugéne) and as co-founder of the seminal Petit-Cénacle group. One of the many unorthodox attitudes passed on from Devéria to his students and friends was a respect for Medieval visual culture; Devéria probably produced this ink study of a Medieval portrait of Louis IX prior to the 'Battle of Hernani' in 1830, possibly in relation to his pedagogical work at the time. It is drawn on very thin paper, and was subsequently cut out carefully and pasted onto the same paper on which the sketch below was produced.

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Achille Devéria, Untitled sketch of pastoral scene with fellating sheep. (c. 1830?) Pencil on Paper.

 
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Achille Devéria, Sketch of Laure Devéria. (c. 1830-37) Pencil on paper.


Devéria was constantly sketching family and friends during conversation and relaxation. Some would later serve as studies for the commercially marketed prints which constituted a solid part of his income, such as that below. This sketch is probably of his sister Laure, herself a respected watercolourist. For what it's worth, this and the study above once belonged to Paul Durand, a gallerist and the first successful promoter of the Impressionists.

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Achille Devéria, Medallion Portrait of Achilles Bocchius Bononiensis. (Undated, c. 1830-1850) Ink on paper.

 
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